Marketing contents (promotion, campaign) are essentially CMS content, which is why you can change those values in Admin UI .
To change display name of Catalog content, I think the only option is to change them in code (via your content type definition). There is an attribute named Display which you can use to change the display name, or the group.
Thanks for the quick response, I will forward it our customer, that it is not possible.
Is it possible to change display name or group of fields of commerce catalog, like in CMS? I mean, for CMS content it is possible to change the name or assigned group in Admin tab for the Content Type for each field.
It is not possible to do in the Admin tab.
I found that for Marketing Types it is possible, but I could not find it for nodes, products, variants.
Using Commerce 12.14.