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Listen/Subscribe to EPiServer CMS 5 File Events

Product version:

EPiServer CMS 5 SP2

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The base for File Event subscription is the UnifiedFile and UnifiedDirectory classes. They are abstraction classes of the underlying file system and the facade for EPiServer CMS 5 and file management.

UnifiedFile triggers events (both pre- and post-events) to subscribers when a file is:

  • deleted
  • checked out
  • checked in
  • moved
  • copied

UnifiedDirectory triggers events (both pre- and post-events) to subscribers when:

  • a file is added
  • a directory is added
  • a directory is moved
  • a directory is copied
  • a directory is deleted

Since UnifiedFile and UnifiedDirectory are highly abstract classes in the EPiServer CMS 5 object hierarchy, there is no knowledge of who (logged-in EPiServer CMS 5 user) performed the operation. This makes more sense since underlying FileSystems (such as NativeFileSystem) can have a non-EPiServer CMS 5 user manipulating files directly outside the admin UI. It is not recommended to use the local file directory used by EPiServer CMS 5 directly since other functionality may rely on events being triggered, for example Workflows.

The sample code snippet below illustrates how to subscribe on File events. The example class is a singleton instance storing the list of events (as strings) triggered by UnifiedFile. In a real-life scenario, the listener for events might be implemented differently. 

public class Subscriber
    private static Subscriber instance = null;
    private static IList<string> events = new List<string>();
    static Subscriber()
        UnifiedFile.UnifiedFileMoved += new UnifiedFileEventHandler<UnifiedVirtualPathEventArgs>(UnifiedFile_FileMoved);

    void UnifiedFile_FileMoved(UnifiedFile sender,
        UnifiedVirtualPathEventArgs args)
        events.Add("File moved from: " +
        args.VirtualPath +
        " to:" +
    public static Subscriber Instance
            if (instance == null)
                instance = new Subscriber();
            return instance;
    public IList GetEvents()
        return events;